Since march 2014, over 3,000 people have died from the relentless spread of the ebola virus throughout the west african countries of guinea, sierra leone, liberia and nigeria in addition to the. Ebola virus is a class a bioterrorism agent, known to cause highly lethal hemorrhagic feverthe mortality rate can be as high as 90 percent because the ebola virus is so hazardous, it is classified as a biosafety level 4 agent - the level assigned to the most dangerous agents known. History, and math, tell us that the ebola virus spreads exponentially quickly this means ebola is a global problem and all nations need to rally -- to stop the epidemic fast. Watching & waiting life on the edge of ebola’s hot zone though the main ebola crisis remains in guinea, sierra leone, and liberia, surrounding countries are holding their breath.
The risk of the virus spreading to areas outside of africa is the most significant it has ever been in the past, ebola has been isolated to rural areas and only a few locations. The who states that: “ebola virus disease outbreaks have a case fatality of up to 90%” however, the fatality rates in the current outbreak are significantly lower than this, at just over 50. The world health organization declared the zika virus and its suspected link to birth defects an international public health emergency on monday, a rare move that signals the seriousness of the.
The current ebola virus disease outbreak in western africa highlights how an epidemic can proliferate rapidly and pose huge problems in the absence of a strong health system capable of a rapid and integrated response. Ebola virus disease (evd), formerly known as ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans the virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and spreads in the human population through human-to-human transmission. The ebola crisis the 2014–15 outbreak of ebola in west africa was the most severe on record 2 2 although the first (retrospectively) identified case was in december 2013 and the epidemic continued into 2015, for convenience in this article the outbreak is referred to as ‘2014–15.
The socio-economic impact of the ebola virus disease in west african countries: a call for national and regional containment, recovery and prevention february february united nations development group – western and central africa. The ebola virus disease (evd) epidemic in west africa exemplifies how gaps in capacity for early detection of and rapid response to an infectious disease outbreak can contribute to a public health crisis. Intense transmission of the virus the overview also provides information on countries with localized transmission of the virus, such as senegal and nigeria, or at risk of ebola virus disease (evd) transmission. The west african ebola virus epidemic (2013–2016) was the most widespread outbreak of ebola virus disease (evd) in history—causing major loss of life and socioeconomic disruption in the region, mainly in the countries of guinea, liberia, and sierra leone. Nonetheless, our analysis presented shows that real-time data collection and epidemiological analysis for the control of complex ebola virus disease outbreaks is achievable the epidemiology of the current ebola virus outbreak in the democratic republic of the congo has similar features to previous ebola outbreaks.
As the 2014 west africa ebola virus outbreak claims its thousandth victim, many questions are being asked over how the disease can be contained, and if not contained, then how best to treat it the options, as those who are even vaguely familiar with this latest outbreak will know, are very limited. Districts affected by ebola virus disease in three countries in africa the map shows the districts that have been affected by ebola virus disease in guinea, liberia, and sierra leone. Recommendations limiting the human costs and economic impacts of ebola virus disease will require significant financial resources, coordination between international partners and the affected countries and commitment. Ebola virus disease (evd), also known as ebola hemorrhagic fever (ehf) or simply ebola, is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans and other primates caused by ebolaviruses signs and symptoms typically start between two days and three weeks after contracting the virus with a fever , sore throat , muscular pain , and headaches [1.
The unanticipated cases of ebola virus disease in regions previously considered non-endemic, coupled with inadequate infrastructure and susceptible, yet highly mobile populations, might have contributed to the outbreak infecting over 60 times more individuals than any previous ebola virus disease outbreak. The ebola virus disease (evd) outbreak in west africa has hit a new “milestone” as the world health organization reports in an update today than the number of cases have exceeded 1,000the who says as of 17 july 2014, the cumulative number of cases attributed to evd in the three countries stands at 1,048, including 632 deaths. New ebola cases prompt fears virus is spreading the report of an ebola case in the city of mbandaka, along the heavily traveled congo river that leads to the capital city of kinshasa on may 17, 6.
In public health crises such as the outbreak of the ebola virus disease in west africa in 2014, the key role in saving the lives of infected people is played by the management and dissemination of scientific and medical knowledge. Credit: cdc american nurse nina pham is the second health worker to contract ebola outside of west africa while caring for patients with the virus, despite using personal protective equipment. But on 13 january, 2016, the world health organisation declared the last of the countries affected, liberia, to be ebola-free the who has warned that west africa may see flare-ups of the virus. The past six months have witnessed an unprecedented ebola outbreak that has affected five countries in west africa and threatens to compromise the social, political and economic fabric of the sub.